|Jentsch, A; Beierkuhnlein, C: Research frontiers in climate change: effects of extreme meteorological events on ecosystems, CR Geoscience, 340, 621-628 (2008)|
|Key words: EVENT 1, EVENT 2, EVENT 3|
Climate change will increase the recurrence of extreme weather events such as drought and heavy rainfall. Evidence suggests that modifications in extreme weather events pose stronger threats to ecosystem functioning than global trends and shifts in average conditions. As ecosystem functioning is connected with ecological services, this has far-reaching effects on societies in the 21st century. Here, we: (i) present the rationale for the increasing frequency and magnitude of extreme weather events in the near future; (ii) discuss recent findings on meteorological extremes and summarize their effects on ecosystems and (iii) identify gaps in current ecological climate change research.